Characidium phylogeny adapted from Pansonato-Alves et al. (2014) and positioned for the population analyzed here. BC: presence or absence of B chromosomes.

  Part of: Serrano √ČA, Utsunomia R, Scudeller PS, Oliveira C, Foresti F (2017) Origin of B chromosomes in Characidium alipioi (Characiformes, Crenuchidae) and its relationship with supernumerary chromosomes in other Characidium species. Comparative Cytogenetics 11(1): 81-95.